Usually, the ceramic tiles can be classified into two types of porcelain and non-porcelain ceramics. The latter is made of white, red or brown clay, but the porcelain types ceramic tiles that are discussed below are made of clay and minerals usually. As a matter of fact, half of the porcelain includes white sand or feldspar. The reasons why tiles or ceramics by Carreaux Metro bathroom tiles seem different or have different features is that their constituents are different and their structure as well.
Porcelain ceramics are one of those tiles that are strong and durable than other models and can be used in huge dimensions. This kind of ceramic is dense and impenetrable and consists of fine and smooth grains and hence is costlier than the glazed tiles. On the basis of the composition of the minerals, the means of firing and types of coating, porcelain ceramics are classified into full bodied, enamel, double layer, and stone designs.
Porcelain ceramics can be used in the exterior, flooring, interior wall covering, and staircase finish. They can also be used crowded and cramped areas like hospitals and labs because of their durable nature. The pros of porcelain ceramic tiles are that they are high abrasion resistance, high chemical resistances, high resistance of scratches, fire and heat proof and waterproofing. On the contrary, there are cons as well like they are heavy that may cause issues with installation and you may need multiple labor forces to install them, which means more costs.
Methods of Installing them
- Tile glue method
This modern method uses tile adhesive to install ceramic tiles. The tile glue is a composite made of ordinary Portland cement. This glue always uses finer sand and additives to make it more durable and to keep the tiles in place securely. If you can find and make high quality adhesives, then you can use them to bond the existing tiles, to wood substances, polished cement etc. as they are ideal for this purpose.
- The dry and traditional method
The oldest and most secure method of bonding tiles is the dry and traditional method where the rock is cut being cut off from the façade and is delayed for a few years. In this situation, a 30 to 45 mm space is considered between the façade wall and the ceramic coating where the air cushion is more like a thermal insulator and avoids heat transfer. Another benefit of this method is the look of the used stone as ceramics don’t need cleaning because of cleanliness and lack of stain. This speeds up the workflow.